The aim of ergonomics is to optimise the arrangement of working conditions, workflows and work items in time and space, as well as to improve the effectiveness of work equipment, in order to enable staff to achieve the best possible results. Staff should prevented as far as possible from becoming tired or even injured as a result of their workplace activities, even if they perform a job for many years.
Within the broad spectrum of ergonomics, we have dedicated ourselves to the issue of office and screen work. We have been developing ergonomic desks for around 70 years. Over the course of this time, expectations of office workstations have fundamentally changed, and we have of course changed with them. Today, our work is guided by the principle Everyone is unique. Accordingly, a universally-usable workstation must accommodate the range from the shortest to the tallest person.
Fig.: 90% of all adults are between 1.54 and 1.86 metres tall. Reach and elbow height vary correspondingly.
|Women 18 – 65 years||Men 18 – 65 years|
|B Reach upwards||1.840||1.945||2.025||1.975||2.075||2.205|
|C Elbow height||960||1.020||1.080||1.025||1.100||1.175|
|D Reach forwards||625||690||750||685||740||815|
However, no matter how tall a person is and whether or not their desk is already adjusted to be ergonomically optimal, it is still unhealthy to remain in a seated position for long periods.
Therefore it should always be possible to change position at every workstation.
Fig.: Anyone who spends all of their time sitting down should …
It is important that people who work in an office all day are able to switch between sitting, standing and walking as often as possible. A desk that can easily be adapted to different heights and that gives the user the option to work standing up as well as sitting down is ideal for office work. Walking to the printer or to the conference room provides extra exercise and should be incorporated into every office plan.
Do you need help choosing a desk, or do you have questions about workplace ergonomics?
The world of work and the working environment are changing very quickly nowadays. Due to the introduction of computers and increasing automation, the proportion of tasks involving information technology and monitoring is growing. We are seeing a shift from physical to mental strain. In this context, we use the term cognitive ergonomics, a sub-field which includes visual ergonomics. This is particularly concerned with lighting conditions in the workplace. Appropriate lighting is of key significance for occupational safety, health protection and work quality. Ergonomic office workstations should – wherever possible – enjoy natural daylight and an outside view. Specific features of the room, the potential for glare and the avoidance of shadows should also be taken into account. This is an aspect of health promotion and employee motivation.
In the case of artificial light, you should also include consideration of luminance distribution, lighting colour, light spectrum and colour rendering.
Would you like to find out more about the perfect lighting for your office?
Acoustic ergonomics is concerned with hearing, the second most important information channel for human beings. However, unlike our eyes, we cannot close our ears, meaning that workers are largely powerless to counteract acoustic stimuli. In today’s offices, the most distracting and therefore most significant source of noise is human voices: this can affect performance and, in the worst case scenario, even cause stress.
Particular room acoustics – such as direct sound and reverberation – and tailor-made office concepts can help contain noise:
Would you like to integrate acoustic ergonomics into your office plan? The LEUWICO specialists will be happy to advise you: